Commission on Implementation of the United States Space Exploration Policy

A Journey to Inspire, Innovate, and Discover

Moon to Mars Report

Cover of the 2004 report of the Presidential Commission on Implementation of the United States Space Exploration Policy.

View the Final Report (PDF, 2.2 MB)

On January 14, 2004, President George W. Bush announced a new vision for America’s civil space program that calls for human and robotic missions to the Moon, Mars, and beyond. This vision set forth goals of: returning the Space Shuttle safely to flight; completing the International Space Station (ISS); phasing out the Space Shuttle when the ISS is complete (about 2010); sending a robotic orbiter and lander to the Moon; sending a human expedition to the Moon as early as 2015, but no later than 2020; conducting robotic missions to Mars in preparation for a future human expedition; and conducting robotic exploration across the solar system. Such a focus for the American space program has not existed since the Apollo era and establishes a much-needed direction and purpose for our national space efforts.

Board members included:

  • Commission Chair: Edward C. Pete Aldridge, Jr. (Former Under Secretary of Defense)
  • Carleton S. Fiorina, (Chair and CEO of Hewlett Packard)
  • Michael P. Jackson (U.S. Deputy Secretary of Transportation)
  • Laurie Ann Leshin (Planetary Geochemist, Arizona State University)
  • Lester L. Lyles (General, U.S. Air Force Materiel Command, RET)
  • Paul Spudis (Lunar Geologist, Johns Hopkins University)
  • Neil deGrasse Tyson (Astrophysicist & Director, Hayden Planetarium)
  • Robert Smith Walker (Former Congressman & Chair of Science Committee, R. Pa)
  • Maria Zuber (Mars Geophysicist, Massachusetts Institute of Technology)

Read the Report